UNIVERSIDAD DE ANDALUCÍA
THE TOWER OF LONDON
Ghosts are said to appear in James's home repeatedly, but he hasn't
seen one yet. "People have died here," says the 15-year-old boy from
London. James's father is a guard at the Tower of London, a former castle, prison,
and execution place that was built in 1066 by William the Conqueror. And his
family lives there!
Today the Tower serves as a tourist attraction as well as a home to the guards and their families. The Tower is most famous for the prisoners who lost their lives there-and who supposedly still appear on the Tower grounds. At just 16, Lady Jane Grey was dethroned in 1553 after only a nine-day reign, and then her head was cut off by the new queen. In 1483 two young princes named Edward and Richard mysteriously disappeared. Almost 200 years later bones of two children were found near the White Tower.
The Tower of London is not just home to ghost stories and bloody legends. There are large birds called ravens living there. Despite looking a bit frightening, the ravens are an important part of the Tower's legends. "If the ravens leave the Tower," says James, "then the White Tower-and the monarchy-will disintegrate."
But while the ravens are real, James still isn't convinced ghosts live in the Tower.
(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)
a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT.
USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
1) Why does the Tower of London have a reputation for being home to ghosts? (1 point per answer)
2) What is the connection between the bones found near the White Tower and the two young princes?
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT.
3) Most of the Tower fame is due to its old age. (0.5 points per answer)
4) Nowadays the Tower is only used as a tourist attraction.
5) According to a legend, ravens living in the Tower are related to the monarchy.
6) James is not certain that ghosts really inhabit the Tower.
(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)
7) Give one synonym for REPEATEDLY (adverb) (line 1) (0.25 points)
8) Find in the text one opposite for EARLIER (adverb) (0.25 points)
9) Give a noun with the same root as APPEAR (verb) (line 5) (0.25 points)
10) Find in the text the word which has the following definition: (0.25 points)
"remove a king/queen from their position of power" (verb)
11) Turn the following sentence into reported speech: (0.5 points)
James said: "People have died here."
12) Turn the following sentence into the active voice: (0.5 points)
Two children were found near the White Tower.
13) Join the following sentences using an appropriate linker (do not use AND or BUT). Make changes if necessary.
Lots of tourists visit that old building every year. It is one of the major attractions in London. (0.5 points)
14) Give a question for the underlined words: (0.5 points)
The Tower of London was built in 1066.
(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)
15) Write a composition (80-100 WORDS) Choose ONE of the following options.
Specify your option.
a) Should criminals go to prison? Why?
b) Do you like horror stories? Explain why.
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